UV-SLAM: Unconstrained Line-based SLAM Using Vanishing Points for Structural Mapping

27 Dec 2021  ·  Hyunjun Lim, Jinwoo Jeon, Hyun Myung ·

In feature-based simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), line features complement the sparsity of point features, making it possible to map the surrounding environment structure. Existing approaches utilizing line features have primarily employed a measurement model that uses line re-projection. However, the direction vectors used in the 3D line mapping process cannot be corrected because the line measurement model employs only the lines' normal vectors in the Pl\"{u}cker coordinate. As a result, problems like degeneracy that occur during the 3D line mapping process cannot be solved. To tackle the problem, this paper presents a UV-SLAM, which is an unconstrained line-based SLAM using vanishing points for structural mapping. This paper focuses on using structural regularities without any constraints, such as the Manhattan world assumption. For this, we use the vanishing points that can be obtained from the line features. The difference between the vanishing point observation calculated through line features in the image and the vanishing point estimation calculated through the direction vector is defined as a residual and added to the cost function of optimization-based SLAM. Furthermore, through Fisher information matrix rank analysis, we prove that vanishing point measurements guarantee a unique mapping solution. Finally, we demonstrate that the localization accuracy and mapping quality are improved compared to the state-of-the-art algorithms using public datasets.

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