Quantitative Control Approach for Wind Turbine Generators to Provide Fast Frequency Response with Guarantee of Rotor Security

17 Dec 2017  ·  Wang Siqi, Tomsovic Kevin ·

Wind generation is expected to reach substantially higher levels of penetration in the near future. With the converter interface, the rotor inertia of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine generator is effectively decoupled from the system, causing a reduction in inertial response... This can be compensated by enabling the DFIG to provide fast frequency response. This paper proposes a quantitative control approach for DFIG to deliver fast frequency response in the inertial response time scale. A supplementary power surge function is added to the active power reference of DFIG. The exact amount of power surge that is available from DFIG-based wind turbine is quantified based on estimation of maximum extractable energy. Moreover, the operational constraints such as rotor limits and converter over-load limit are considered at the same time. Thus, the proposed approach not only provides adequate inertial response but also ensures the rotor speed is kept within a specified operating range. Rotor safety is guaranteed without the need for an additional rotor speed protection scheme. read more

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Systems and Control

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