Construction of optimal spectral methods in phase retrieval

8 Dec 2020  ·  Antoine Maillard, Florent Krzakala, Yue M. Lu, Lenka Zdeborová ·

We consider the phase retrieval problem, in which the observer wishes to recover a $n$-dimensional real or complex signal $\mathbf{X}^\star$ from the (possibly noisy) observation of $|\mathbf{\Phi} \mathbf{X}^\star|$, in which $\mathbf{\Phi}$ is a matrix of size $m \times n$. We consider a \emph{high-dimensional} setting where $n,m \to \infty$ with $m/n = \mathcal{O}(1)$, and a large class of (possibly correlated) random matrices $\mathbf{\Phi}$ and observation channels... Spectral methods are a powerful tool to obtain approximate observations of the signal $\mathbf{X}^\star$ which can be then used as initialization for a subsequent algorithm, at a low computational cost. In this paper, we extend and unify previous results and approaches on spectral methods for the phase retrieval problem. More precisely, we combine the linearization of message-passing algorithms and the analysis of the \emph{Bethe Hessian}, a classical tool of statistical physics. Using this toolbox, we show how to derive optimal spectral methods for arbitrary channel noise and right-unitarily invariant matrix $\mathbf{\Phi}$, in an automated manner (i.e. with no optimization over any hyperparameter or preprocessing function). read more

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Information Theory Disordered Systems and Neural Networks Information Theory

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