Batched Sparse Matrix Multiplication for Accelerating Graph Convolutional Networks

27 Mar 2019  ·  Yusuke Nagasaka, Akira Nukada, Ryosuke Kojima, Satoshi Matsuoka ·

Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs) are recently getting much attention in bioinformatics and chemoinformatics as a state-of-the-art machine learning approach with high accuracy. GCNs process convolutional operations along with graph structures, and GPUs are used to process enormous operations including sparse-dense matrix multiplication (SpMM) when the graph structure is expressed as an adjacency matrix with sparse matrix format. However, the SpMM operation on small graph, where the number of nodes is tens or hundreds, hardly exploits high parallelism or compute power of GPU. Therefore, SpMM becomes a bottleneck of training and inference in GCNs applications. In order to improve the performance of GCNs applications, we propose new SpMM algorithm especially for small sparse matrix and Batched SpMM, which exploits high parallelism of GPU by processing multiple SpMM operations with single CUDA kernel. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work of batched approach for SpMM. We evaluated the performance of the GCNs application on TSUBAME3.0 implementing NVIDIA Tesla P100 GPU, and our batched approach shows significant speedups of up to 1.59x and 1.37x in training and inference, respectively.

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Distributed, Parallel, and Cluster Computing


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