Reinforcement Learning-based Energy Trading for Microgrids

19 Jan 2018  ·  Liang Xiao, Xingyu Xiao, Canhuang Dai, Mugen Pengy, Lichun Wang, H. Vincent Poor ·

With the time-varying renewable energy generation and power demand, microgrids (MGs) exchange energy in smart grids to reduce their dependence on power plants. In this paper, we formulate an MG energy trading game, in which each MG trades energy according to the predicted renewable energy generation and local energy demand, the current battery level, and the energy trading history. The Nash quilibrium (NE) of the game is provided, revealing the conditions under which the local energy generation satisfies the energy demand of the MG and providing the performance bound of the energy trading scheme. We propose a reinforcement learning based MG energy trading scheme that applies the deep Q-network (DQN) to improve the utility of the MG for the case with a large number of the connected MGs. Simulations are performed for the MGs with wind generation that are aware of the electricity prices and the historic energy trading, showing that this scheme significantly reduces the average power plant schedules and improves the utility of the MG compared with the benchmark strategy.

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Systems and Control


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