Range Minimum Queries in Minimal Space

18 Feb 2021  ·  Luís M. S. Russo ·

We consider the problem of computing a sequence of range minimum queries. We assume a sequence of commands that contains values and queries... Our goal is to quickly determine the minimum value that exists between the current position and a previous position $i$. Range minimum queries are used as a sub-routine of several algorithms, namely related to string processing. We propose a data structure that can process these commands sequences. We obtain efficient results for several variations of the problem, in particular we obtain $O(1)$ time per command for the offline version and $O(\alpha(n))$ amortized time for the online version, where $\alpha(n)$ is the inverse Ackermann function and $n$ the number of values in the sequence. This data structure also has very small space requirements, namely $O(\ell)$ where $\ell$ is the maximum number active $i$ positions. We implemented our data structure and show that it is competitive against existing alternatives. We obtain comparable command processing time, in the nano second range, and much smaller space requirements. read more

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Data Structures and Algorithms

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