Quantitative Separation Logic - A Logic for Reasoning about Probabilistic Programs

26 Nov 2018  ·  Batz Kevin, Kaminski Benjamin Lucien, Katoen Joost-Pieter, Matheja Christoph, Noll Thomas ·

We present quantitative separation logic ($\mathsf{QSL}$). In contrast to classical separation logic, $\mathsf{QSL}$ employs quantities which evaluate to real numbers instead of predicates which evaluate to Boolean values... The connectives of classical separation logic, separating conjunction and separating implication, are lifted from predicates to quantities. This extension is conservative: Both connectives are backward compatible to their classical analogs and obey the same laws, e.g. modus ponens, adjointness, etc. Furthermore, we develop a weakest precondition calculus for quantitative reasoning about probabilistic pointer programs in $\mathsf{QSL}$. This calculus is a conservative extension of both Reynolds' separation logic for heap-manipulating programs and Kozen's / McIver and Morgan's weakest preexpectations for probabilistic programs. Soundness is proven with respect to an operational semantics based on Markov decision processes. Our calculus preserves O'Hearn's frame rule, which enables local reasoning. We demonstrate that our calculus enables reasoning about quantities such as the probability of terminating with an empty heap, the probability of reaching a certain array permutation, or the expected length of a list. read more

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Logic in Computer Science

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