On the Age of Information in Internet of Things Systems with Correlated Devices

14 Apr 2020  ·  Zhou Bo, Saad Walid ·

In this paper, a real-time Internet of Things (IoT) monitoring system is considered in which multiple IoT devices must transmit timely updates on the status information of a common underlying physical process to a common destination. In particular, a real-world IoT scenario is considered in which multiple (partially) observed status information by different IoT devices are required at the destination, so that the real-time status of the physical process can be properly re-constructed... By taking into account such correlated status information at the IoT devices, the problem of IoT device scheduling is studied in order to jointly minimize the average age of information (AoI) at the destination and the average energy cost at the IoT devices. Particularly, two types of IoT devices are considered: Type-I devices whose status updates randomly arrive and type-II devices whose status updates can be generated-at-will with an associated sampling cost. This stochastic problem is formulated as an infinite horizon average cost Markov decision process (MDP). The optimal scheduling policy is shown to be threshold-based with respect to the AoI at the destination, and the threshold is non-increasing with the channel condition of each device. For a special case in which all devices are type-II, the original MDP can be reduced to an MDP with much smaller state and action spaces. The optimal policy is further shown to have a similar threshold-based structure and the threshold is non-decreasing with an energy cost function of the devices. Simulation results illustrate the structure of the optimal policy and show the effectiveness of the optimal policy compared with a myopic baseline policy. read more

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Information Theory Networking and Internet Architecture Information Theory

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