On Induced Online Ramsey Number of Paths, Cycles, and Trees

11 Jan 2019  ·  Blažej Václav, Dvořák Pavel, Valla Tomáš ·

An online Ramsey game is a game between Builder and Painter, alternating in turns. They are given a graph $H$ and a graph $G$ of an infinite set of independent vertices... In each round Builder draws an edge and Painter colors it either red or blue. Builder wins if after some finite round there is a monochromatic copy of the graph $H$, otherwise Painter wins. The online Ramsey number $\widetilde{r}(H)$ is the minimum number of rounds such that Builder can force a monochromatic copy of $H$ in $G$. This is an analogy to the size-Ramsey number $\overline{r}(H)$ defined as the minimum number such that there exists graph $G$ with $\overline{r}(H)$ edges where for any edge two-coloring $G$ contains a monochromatic copy of $H$. In this paper, we introduce the concept of induced online Ramsey numbers: the induced online Ramsey number $\widetilde{r}_{ind}(H)$ is the minimum number of rounds Builder can force an induced monochromatic copy of $H$ in $G$. We prove asymptotically tight bounds on the induced online Ramsey numbers of paths, cycles and two families of trees. Moreover, we provide a result analogous to Conlon [On-line Ramsey Numbers, SIAM J. Discr. Math. 2009], showing that there is an infinite family of trees $T_1,T_2,\dots$, $|T_i|<|T_{i+1}|$ for $i\ge1$, such that \[ \lim_{i\to\infty} \frac{\widetilde{r}(T_i)}{\overline{r}(T_i)} = 0. \] read more

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Discrete Mathematics Combinatorics

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