On density of subgraphs of Cartesian products

24 Jul 2019  ·  Chepoi Victor, Labourel Arnaud, Ratel Sébastien ·

In this paper, we extend two classical results about the density of subgraphs of hypercubes to subgraphs $G$ of Cartesian products $G_1\times\cdots\times G_m$ of arbitrary connected graphs. Namely, we show that $\frac{|E(G)|}{|V(G)|}\le \lceil 2\max\{ \text{dens}(G_1),\ldots,\text{dens}(G_m)\} \rceil\log|V(G)|$, where $\text{dens}(H)$ is the maximum ratio $\frac{|E(H')|}{|V(H')|}$ over all subgraphs $H'$ of $H$... We introduce the notions of VC-dimension $\text{VC-dim}(G)$ and VC-density $\text{VC-dens}(G)$ of a subgraph $G$ of a Cartesian product $G_1\times\cdots\times G_m$, generalizing the classical Vapnik-Chervonenkis dimension of set-families (viewed as subgraphs of hypercubes). We prove that if $G_1,\ldots,G_m$ belong to the class ${\mathcal G}(H)$ of all finite connected graphs not containing a given graph $H$ as a minor, then for any subgraph $G$ of $G_1\times\cdots\times G_m$ a sharper inequality $\frac{|E(G)|}{|V(G)|}\le \text{VC-dim}(G)\alpha(H)$ holds, where $\alpha(H)$ is the density of the graphs from ${\mathcal G}(H)$. We refine and sharpen those two results to several specific graph classes. We also derive upper bounds (some of them polylogarithmic) for the size of adjacency labeling schemes of subgraphs of Cartesian products. read more

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Discrete Mathematics Combinatorics


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