On Compatible Matchings

11 Jan 2021  ·  Oswin Aichholzer, Alan Arroyo, Zuzana Masárová, Irene Parada, Daniel Perz, Alexander Pilz, Josef Tkadlec, Birgit Vogtenhuber ·

A matching is compatible to two or more labeled point sets of size $n$ with labels $\{1,\dots,n\}$ if its straight-line drawing on each of these point sets is crossing-free. We study the maximum number of edges in a matching compatible to two or more labeled point sets in general position in the plane. We show that for any two labeled convex sets of $n$ points there exists a compatible matching with $\lfloor \sqrt {2n}\rfloor$ edges. More generally, for any $\ell$ labeled point sets we construct compatible matchings of size $\Omega(n^{1/\ell})$. As a corresponding upper bound, we use probabilistic arguments to show that for any $\ell$ given sets of $n$ points there exists a labeling of each set such that the largest compatible matching has ${\mathcal{O}}(n^{2/({\ell}+1)})$ edges. Finally, we show that $\Theta(\log n)$ copies of any set of $n$ points are necessary and sufficient for the existence of a labeling such that any compatible matching consists only of a single edge.

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Computational Geometry


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