Novel Quadrotor Manipulation System

10 Apr 2019  ·  Khalifa Ahmed ·

This thesis introduces a novel quadrotor manipulation system that consists of 2-link manipulator attached to the bottom of a quadrotor. This new system presents a solution for the drawbacks found in the current quadrotor manipulation system which uses a gripper fixed to a quadrotor... Unlike the current system, the proposed system has a 6-DOF, and it provides enough distance between the quadrotor and the object. System kinematics and dynamics are derived. To study the feasibility of the proposed system, a quadrotor with high enough payload to add the 2-link manipulator is constructed. Its parameters are identified to be used in the simulation and controller design. A CAD model is developed to calculate the mass and moments of inertia in an accurate way. Direct relationships between Pulse Width Modulation and each of the angular speeds, thrust forces, and drag moments of the rotors are identified. A Direction Cosine Matrix complementary filter is used to estimate the attitude of the quadrotor using the IMU measurements. Attitude stabilization controller is designed based on feedback linearization technique to test the identified parameters and the attitude estimation. The results of the experiments show satisfactory accuracy of the identified structure parameters, the identified rotor assembly parameters, and the attitude estimation algorithm. A controller for the proposed system is designed based on three control techniques: feedback linearization based PID control, direct fuzzy logic control, and fuzzy model reference learning control. These controllers are tested to provide system stability and trajectory tracking under the effect of picking and placing a payload and the effect of changing the operating region. Simulation results show that the fuzzy model reference learning control technique has superior performance. The results indicate the feasibility of the proposed system. read more

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