Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access in UAV-to-Everything (U2X) Networks

12 Jul 2019  ·  Hou Tianwei, Liu Yuanwei, Song Zhengyu, Sun Xin, Chen Yue ·

This article investigates the non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) enhanced unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-to-Everything (U2X) frameworks. A novel 3-Dimension framework for providing wireless services to randomly roaming NOMA receivers (Rxs) in the sphere space is proposed by utilizing stochastic geometry tools... In an effort to evaluate the performance of the proposed framework, we first derive closed-form expressions for the outage probability and the ergodic rate of paired NOMA Rxs. For obtaining more insights, we investigate the diversity order and the high signal-to-noise (SNR) slope of NOMA enhanced U2X frameworks. We also derive the spectrum efficiency in both NOMA and orthogonal multiple access (OMA) enhanced U2X frameworks. Our analytical results demonstrate that the diversity order and the high SNR slope of the proposed framework are $m$ and one, respectively. Numerical results are provided to confirm that: i) the proposed NOMA enhanced U2X frameworks have superior outage performance and spectrum efficiency compared with the OMA-enhanced U2X frameworks; and ii) for the case of fixed LoS probability, the outage performance of paired NOMA Rxs mainly depends on users with poor channel conditions. read more

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