Incentives in Ethereum's Hybrid Casper Protocol

11 Mar 2019  ·  Vitalik Buterin, Daniel Reijsbergen, Stefanos Leonardos, Georgios Piliouras ·

We present an overview of hybrid Casper the Friendly Finality Gadget (FFG): a Proof-of-Stake checkpointing protocol overlaid onto Ethereum's Proof-of-Work blockchain. We describe its core functionalities and reward scheme, and explore its properties... Our findings indicate that Casper's implemented incentives mechanism ensures liveness, while providing safety guarantees that improve over standard Proof-of-Work protocols. Based on a minimal-impact implementation of the protocol as a smart contract on the blockchain, we discuss additional issues related to parametrisation, funding, throughput and network overhead and detect potential limitations. read more

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Cryptography and Security Distributed, Parallel, and Cluster Computing Computer Science and Game Theory 91A80

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