Hierarchical Optimization Time Integration for CFL-rate MPM Stepping

18 Nov 2019  ·  Xinlei Wang, Minchen Li, Yu Fang, Xinxin Zhang, Ming Gao, Min Tang, Danny M. Kaufman, Chenfanfu Jiang ·

We propose Hierarchical Optimization Time Integration (HOT) for efficient implicit time-stepping of the Material Point Method (MPM) irrespective of simulated materials and conditions. HOT is an MPM-specialized hierarchical optimization algorithm that solves nonlinear time step problems for large-scale MPM systems near the CFL-limit. HOT provides convergent simulations "out-of-the-box" across widely varying materials and computational resolutions without parameter tuning. As an implicit MPM time stepper accelerated by a custom-designed Galerkin multigrid wrapped in a quasi-Newton solver, HOT is both highly parallelizable and robustly convergent. As we show in our analysis, HOT maintains consistent and efficient performance even as we grow stiffness, increase deformation, and vary materials over a wide range of finite strain, elastodynamic and plastic examples. Through careful benchmark ablation studies, we compare the effectiveness of HOT against seemingly plausible alternative combinations of MPM with standard multigrid and other Newton-Krylov models. We show how these alternative designs result in severe issues and poor performance. In contrast, HOT outperforms the existing state-of-the-art, heavily optimized implicit MPM codes with an up to 10x performance speedup across a wide range of challenging benchmark test simulations.

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