Exploiting Tri-Relationship for Fake News Detection

20 Dec 2017  ·  Kai Shu, Suhang Wang, Huan Liu ·

Social media for news consumption is becoming popular nowadays. The low cost, easy access and rapid information dissemination of social media bring benefits for people to seek out news timely. However, it also causes the widespread of fake news, i.e., low-quality news pieces that are intentionally fabricated. The fake news brings about several negative effects on individual consumers, news ecosystem, and even society trust. Previous fake news detection methods mainly focus on news contents for deception classification or claim fact-checking. Recent Social and Psychology studies show potential importance to utilize social media data: 1) Confirmation bias effect reveals that consumers prefer to believe information that confirms their existing stances; 2) Echo chamber effect suggests that people tend to follow likeminded users and form segregated communities on social media. Even though users' social engagements towards news on social media provide abundant auxiliary information for better detecting fake news, but existing work exploiting social engagements is rather limited. In this paper, we explore the correlations of publisher bias, news stance, and relevant user engagements simultaneously, and propose a Tri-Relationship Fake News detection framework (TriFN). We also provide two comprehensive real-world fake news datasets to facilitate fake news research. Experiments on these datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

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