Discovering High Utility-Occupancy Patterns from Uncertain Data

18 Aug 2020  ·  Chien-Ming Chen, Lili Chen, Wensheng Gan, Lina Qiu, Weiping Ding ·

It is widely known that there is a lot of useful information hidden in big data, leading to a new saying that "data is money." Thus, it is prevalent for individuals to mine crucial information for utilization in many real-world applications. In the past, studies have considered frequency. Unfortunately, doing so neglects other aspects, such as utility, interest, or risk. Thus, it is sensible to discover high-utility itemsets (HUIs) in transaction databases while utilizing not only the quantity but also the predefined utility. To find patterns that can represent the supporting transaction, a recent study was conducted to mine high utility-occupancy patterns whose contribution to the utility of the entire transaction is greater than a certain value. Moreover, in realistic applications, patterns may not exist in transactions but be connected to an existence probability. In this paper, a novel algorithm, called High-Utility-Occupancy Pattern Mining in Uncertain databases (UHUOPM), is proposed. The patterns found by the algorithm are called Potential High Utility Occupancy Patterns (PHUOPs). This algorithm divides user preferences into three factors, including support, probability, and utility occupancy. To reduce memory cost and time consumption and to prune the search space in the algorithm as mentioned above, probability-utility-occupancy list (PUO-list) and probability-frequency-utility table (PFU-table) are used, which assist in providing the downward closure property. Furthermore, an original tree structure, called support count tree (SC-tree), is constructed as the search space of the algorithm. Finally, substantial experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of proposed UHUOPM algorithm on both real-life and synthetic datasets, particularly in terms of effectiveness and efficiency.

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