Dictionary Learning for Channel Estimation in Hybrid Frequency-Selective mmWave MIMO Systems

19 Sep 2019  ·  Xie Hongxiang, Rodríguez-Fernández Javier, González-Prelcic Nuria ·

Exploiting channel sparsity at millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies reduces the high training overhead associated with the channel estimation stage. Compressive sensing (CS) channel estimation techniques usually adopt the (overcomplete) wavelet/Fourier transform matrix as a sparsifying dictionary... This may not be the best choice when considering non-uniform arrays, antenna gain/phase errors, mutual coupling effects, etc. We propose two dictionary learning (DL) algorithms to learn the best sparsifying dictionaries for channel matrices from observations obtained with hybrid frequency-selective mmWave multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems. First, we optimize the combined dictionary, i.e., the Kronecker product of transmit and receive dictionaries, as it is used in practice to sparsify the channel matrix. Second, considering the different array structures at the transmitter and receiver, we exploit separable DL to find the best transmit and receive dictionaries. Once the channel is expressed in terms of the optimized dictionaries, various CS-based sparse recovery techniques can be applied for low overhead channel estimation. The proposed DL algorithms perform well under low SNR conditions inherent to any mmWave communication systems before the precoders/combiners can be optimized. The effectiveness of the proposed DL algorithms has been corroborated via numerical simulations with different system configurations, array geometries and hardware impairments. read more

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