Competitive Analysis with a Sample and the Secretary Problem

11 Jul 2019  ·  Kaplan Haim, Naori David, Raz Danny ·

We extend the standard online worst-case model to accommodate past experience which is available to the online player in many practical scenarios. We do this by revealing a random sample of the adversarial input to the online player ahead of time... The online player competes with the expected optimal value on the part of the input that arrives online. Our model bridges between existing online stochastic models (e.g., items are drawn i.i.d. from a distribution) and the online worst-case model. We also extend in a similar manner (by revealing a sample) the online random-order model. We study the classical secretary problem in our new models. In the worst-case model we present a simple online algorithm with optimal competitive-ratio for any sample size. In the random-order model, we also give a simple online algorithm with an almost tight competitive-ratio for small sample sizes. Interestingly, we prove that for a large enough sample, no algorithm can be simultaneously optimal both in the worst-cast and random-order models. read more

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Data Structures and Algorithms

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