Channel Estimation for One-Bit Massive MIMO Systems Exploiting Spatio-Temporal Correlations

21 Aug 2018  ·  Kim Hwanjin, Choi Junil ·

Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) can improve the overall system performance significantly. Massive MIMO systems, however, may require a large number of radio frequency (RF) chains that could cause high cost and power consumption issues... One of promising approaches to resolve these issues is using low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) at base stations. Channel estimation becomes a difficult task by using low-resolution ADCs though. This paper addresses the channel estimation problem for massive MIMO systems using one-bit ADCs when the channels are spatially and temporally correlated. Based on the Bussgang decomposition, which reformulates a non-linear one-bit quantization to a statistically equivalent linear operator, the Kalman filter is used to estimate the spatially and temporally correlated channel by assuming the quantized noise follows a Gaussian distribution. Numerical results show that the proposed technique can improve the channel estimation quality significantly by properly exploiting the spatial and temporal correlations of channels. read more

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