Binary Subspace Chirps

24 Feb 2021  ·  Tefjol Pllaha, Olav Tirkkonen, Robert Calderbank ·

We describe in details the interplay between binary symplectic geometry and quantum computation, with the ultimate goal of constructing highly structured codebooks. The Binary Chirps (BCs) are Complex Grassmannian Lines in $N = 2^m$ dimensions used in deterministic compressed sensing and random/unsourced multiple access in wireless networks. Their entries are fourth roots of unity and can be described in terms of second order Reed-Muller codes. The Binary Subspace Chirps (BSSCs) are a unique collection of BCs of $\textit{ranks}$ ranging from $r=0$ to $r = m$, embedded in $N$ dimensions according to an on-off pattern determined by a rank $r$ binary subspace. This yields a codebook that is asymptotically 2.38 times larger than the codebook of BCs, has the same minimum chordal distance as the codebook of BCs, and the alphabet is minimally extended from $\{\pm 1,\pm i\}$ to $\{\pm 1,\pm i, 0\}$. Equivalently, we show that BSSCs are stabilizer states, and we characterize them as columns of a well-controlled collection of Clifford matrices. By construction, the BSSCs inherit all the properties of BCs, which in turn makes them good candidates for a variety of applications. For applications in wireless communication, we use the rich algebraic structure of BSSCs to construct a low complexity decoding algorithm that is reliable against Gaussian noise. In simulations, BSSCs exhibit an error probability comparable or slightly lower than BCs, both for single-user and multi-user transmissions.

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