Age of Information Analysis for Dynamic Spectrum Sharing

28 Jan 2020  ·  Zhao Yao, Zhou Bo, Saad Walid, Luo Xiliang ·

Timely information updates are critical to time-sensitive applications in networked monitoring and control systems. In this paper, the problem of real-time status update is considered for a cognitive radio network (CRN), in which the secondary user (SU) can relay the status packets from the primary user (PU) to the destination... In the considered CRN, the SU has opportunities to access the spectrum owned by the PU to send its own status packets to the destination. The freshness of information is measured by the age of information (AoI) metric. The problem of minimizing the average AoI and energy consumption by developing new optimal status update and packet relaying schemes for the SU is addressed under an average AoI constraint for the PU. This problem is formulated as a constrained Markov decision process (CMDP). The monotonic and decomposable properties of the value function are characterized and then used to show that the optimal update and relaying policy is threshold-based with respect to the AoI of the SU. These structures reveal a tradeoff between the AoI of the SU and the energy consumption as well as between the AoI of the SU and the AoI of the PU. An asymptotically optimal algorithm is proposed. Numerical results are then used to show the effectiveness of the proposed policy. read more

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Networking and Internet Architecture

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